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Lists all users in a Slack team.


Method URL: https://slack.com/api/users.list
Preferred HTTP method: GET
Accepted content types: application/x-www-form-urlencoded
Rate limiting: Tier 2
Works with:
Token type Required scope(s)
bot bot
workspace users:read
user users:read read

This method returns a list of all users in the workspace. This includes deleted/deactivated users.


Argument Example Required Description
token xxxx-xxxxxxxxx-xxxx Required

Authentication token bearing required scopes.

cursor dXNlcjpVMDYxTkZUVDI= Optional

Paginate through collections of data by setting the cursor parameter to a next_cursor attribute returned by a previous request's response_metadata. Default value fetches the first "page" of the collection. See pagination for more detail.

include_locale true Optional

Set this to true to receive the locale for users. Defaults to false

limit 20 Optional, default=0

The maximum number of items to return. Fewer than the requested number of items may be returned, even if the end of the users list hasn't been reached.

presence true Optional, default=false

Deprecated. Whether to include presence data in the output. Defaults to false. Setting this to true reduces performance, especially with large teams.

Present arguments as parameters in application/x-www-form-urlencoded querystring or POST body. This method does not currently accept application/json.


Returns a list of paginated user objects, in no particular order.

Typical success response

    "ok": true,
    "members": [
            "id": "W012A3CDE",
            "team_id": "T012AB3C4",
            "name": "spengler",
            "deleted": false,
            "color": "9f69e7",
            "real_name": "spengler",
            "tz": "America\/Los_Angeles",
            "tz_label": "Pacific Daylight Time",
            "tz_offset": -25200,
            "profile": {
                "avatar_hash": "ge3b51ca72de",
                "status_text": "Print is dead",
                "status_emoji": ":books:",
                "real_name": "Egon Spengler",
                "display_name": "spengler",
                "real_name_normalized": "Egon Spengler",
                "display_name_normalized": "spengler",
                "email": "spengler@ghostbusters.example.com",
                "image_24": "https:\/\/...\/avatar\/e3b51ca72dee4ef87916ae2b9240df50.jpg",
                "image_32": "https:\/\/...\/avatar\/e3b51ca72dee4ef87916ae2b9240df50.jpg",
                "image_48": "https:\/\/...\/avatar\/e3b51ca72dee4ef87916ae2b9240df50.jpg",
                "image_72": "https:\/\/...\/avatar\/e3b51ca72dee4ef87916ae2b9240df50.jpg",
                "image_192": "https:\/\/...\/avatar\/e3b51ca72dee4ef87916ae2b9240df50.jpg",
                "image_512": "https:\/\/...\/avatar\/e3b51ca72dee4ef87916ae2b9240df50.jpg",
                "team": "T012AB3C4"
            "is_admin": true,
            "is_owner": false,
            "is_primary_owner": false,
            "is_restricted": false,
            "is_ultra_restricted": false,
            "is_bot": false,
            "updated": 1502138686,
            "is_app_user": false,
            "has_2fa": false
            "id": "W07QCRPA4",
            "team_id": "T0G9PQBBK",
            "name": "glinda",
            "deleted": false,
            "color": "9f69e7",
            "real_name": "Glinda Southgood",
            "tz": "America\/Los_Angeles",
            "tz_label": "Pacific Daylight Time",
            "tz_offset": -25200,
            "profile": {
                "avatar_hash": "8fbdd10b41c6",
                "image_24": "https:\/\/a.slack-edge.com...png",
                "image_32": "https:\/\/a.slack-edge.com...png",
                "image_48": "https:\/\/a.slack-edge.com...png",
                "image_72": "https:\/\/a.slack-edge.com...png",
                "image_192": "https:\/\/a.slack-edge.com...png",
                "image_512": "https:\/\/a.slack-edge.com...png",
                "image_1024": "https:\/\/a.slack-edge.com...png",
                "image_original": "https:\/\/a.slack-edge.com...png",
                "first_name": "Glinda",
                "last_name": "Southgood",
                "title": "Glinda the Good",
                "phone": "",
                "skype": "",
                "real_name": "Glinda Southgood",
                "real_name_normalized": "Glinda Southgood",
                "display_name": "Glinda the Fairly Good",
                "display_name_normalized": "Glinda the Fairly Good",
                "email": "glenda@south.oz.coven"
            "is_admin": true,
            "is_owner": false,
            "is_primary_owner": false,
            "is_restricted": false,
            "is_ultra_restricted": false,
            "is_bot": false,
            "updated": 1480527098,
            "has_2fa": false
    "cache_ts": 1498777272,
    "response_metadata": {
        "next_cursor": "dXNlcjpVMEc5V0ZYTlo="

Typical error response

    "ok": false,
    "error": "invalid_cursor"


The profile hash contains as much information as the user has supplied in the default profile fields: first_name, last_name, real_name, email, skype, and the image_* fields. Data that has not been supplied may not be present at all, may be null or may contain an empty string (`""``).

A user's custom profile fields may be discovered using users.profile.get.

Email addresses

Apps created after January 4th, 2017 must request both the users:read and users:read.email OAuth permission scopes when using the OAuth app installation flow to enable access to the email field of user objects returned by this method.


This method uses cursor-based pagination to make it easier to incrementally collect information. To begin pagination, specify a limit value under 1000. We recommend no more than 200 results at a time.

Responses will include a top-level response_metadata attribute containing a next_cursor value. By using this value as a cursor parameter in a subsequent request, along with limit, you may navigate through the collection page by virtual page.

See pagination for more information.

Legacy behavior

At this time, providing no limit value will result in Slack attempting to deliver you the entire result set. If the collection is too large you may experience HTTP 500 errors. Resolve this scenario by using pagination.

One day pagination will become required to use this method.


Retrieving a workspace's presence with this method is now deprecated. Use users.getPresence or presence subscriptions instead.

The presence parameter will cease functioning on September 26, 2018. Learn more.


This table lists the expected errors that this method could return. However, other errors can be returned in the case where the service is down or other unexpected factors affect processing. Callers should always check the value of the ok params in the response.

Error Description

Value passed for cursor was not valid or is no longer valid.


No authentication token provided.


Some aspect of authentication cannot be validated. Either the provided token is invalid or the request originates from an IP address disallowed from making the request.


Authentication token is for a deleted user or workspace.


Authentication token is for a deleted user or workspace or the app has been removed.


The workspace token used in this request does not have the permissions necessary to complete the request.


The method was passed an argument whose name falls outside the bounds of accepted or expected values. This includes very long names and names with non-alphanumeric characters other than _. If you get this error, it is typically an indication that you have made a very malformed API call.


The method was passed a PHP-style array argument (e.g. with a name like foo[7]). These are never valid with the Slack API.


The method was called via a POST request, but the charset specified in the Content-Type header was invalid. Valid charset names are: utf-8 iso-8859-1.


The method was called via a POST request with Content-Type application/x-www-form-urlencoded or multipart/form-data, but the form data was either missing or syntactically invalid.


The method was called via a POST request, but the specified Content-Type was invalid. Valid types are: application/x-www-form-urlencoded multipart/form-data text/plain.


The method was called via a POST request and included a data payload, but the request did not include a Content-Type header.


The workspace associated with your request is currently undergoing migration to an Enterprise Organization. Web API and other platform operations will be intermittently unavailable until the transition is complete.


The method was called via a POST request, but the POST data was either missing or truncated.


The server could not complete your operation(s) without encountering a catastrophic error. It's possible some aspect of the operation succeeded before the error was raised.


This table lists the expected warnings that this method will return. However, other warnings can be returned in the case where the service is experiencing unexpected trouble.

Warning Description

The method was called via a POST request, and recommended practice for the specified Content-Type is to include a charset parameter. However, no charset was present. Specifically, non-form-data content types (e.g. text/plain) are the ones for which charset is recommended.


The method was called via a POST request, and the specified Content-Type is not defined to understand the charset parameter. However, charset was in fact present. Specifically, form-data content types (e.g. multipart/form-data) are the ones for which charset is superfluous.