API object type


A user object contains information about a Slack workspace user.

If you develop for Enterprise Grid, there's a lot to consider about the most important field in a user object: the id or user_id. Learn more about global IDs and migration.


"user": {
    "id": "U123ABC456",
    "team_id": "T123ABC456",
    "name": "sherlock",
    "deleted": false,
    "color": "99a949",
    "real_name": "Sherlock Holmes",
    "tz": "Europe/London",
    "tz_label": "Greenwich Mean Time",
    "tz_offset": 0,
    "profile": {
        "title": "Senior Detective",
        "phone": "(000) 000-0000",
        "skype": "",
        "real_name": "Sherlock Holmes",
        "real_name_normalized": "Sherlock Holmes",
        "display_name": "sherlock",
        "display_name_normalized": "sherlock",
        "fields": {
            "Xf111AAA111": {
                "value": "1 dog: Sherlock Bones",
                "alt": ""
            "Xf222BBB222": {
                "value": "no tree nuts!",
                "alt": ""
        "status_text": "elementary, my dear watson ",
        "status_emoji": ":thinking-face:",
        "status_emoji_display_info": [
                "emoji_name": "thinking-face",
                "display_url": "https://emoji.slack-edge.com/T123ABC456/thinking-face/123...abc.png"
        "status_expiration": 0,
        "avatar_hash": "b187f5128ba4",
        "start_date": "2015-12-25",
        "image_original": "https://avatars.slack-edge.com/2021-10-21/..._...__original.jpg",
        "is_custom_image": true,
        "email": "sholmes@example.com",
        "pronouns": "they/them",
        "huddle_state": "default_unset",
        "huddle_state_expiration_ts": 0,
        "first_name": "Sherlock",
        "last_name": "Holmes",
        "image_24": "https://avatars.slack-edge.com/2021-10-21/..._...__24.jpg",
        "image_32": "https://avatars.slack-edge.com/2021-10-21/..._...__32.jpg",
        "image_48": "https://avatars.slack-edge.com/2021-10-21/..._...__48.jpg",
        "image_72": "https://avatars.slack-edge.com/2021-10-21/..._...__72.jpg",
        "image_192": "https://avatars.slack-edge.com/2021-10-21/..._...__192.jpg",
        "image_512": "https://avatars.slack-edge.com/2021-10-21/..._...__512.jpg",
        "image_1024": "https://avatars.slack-edge.com/2021-10-21/..._...__1024.jpg",
        "status_text_canonical": "",
        "team": "T0123ABC456"
    "is_admin": false,
    "is_owner": false,
    "is_primary_owner": false,
    "is_restricted": false,
    "is_ultra_restricted": false,
    "is_bot": false,
    "is_app_user": false,
    "updated": 1675264590,
    "is_email_confirmed": true,
    "who_can_share_contact_card": "EVERYONE",
    "enterprise_user": {
        "id": "U123ABC456",
        "enterprise_id": "E123ABC456",
        "enterprise_name": "Sherlock Holmes Detective Agency",
        "is_admin": false,
        "is_owner": false,
        "is_primary_owner": false,
        "teams": [

Common fields

The composition of user objects can vary greatly depending on the API being used, or the context of each Slack workspace. Data that has not been supplied may not be present at all, may be null, or may contain an empty string. One example where the profile information varies is getting data for a user connected through Slack Connect; an example of that type of user object can be found in the External members section of the Slack Connect page.

Therefore, consider the following a non-exhaustive list of potential user object fields you might encounter.

Field Type Description
always_active Boolean Indicates that a bot user is set to be constantly active in presence status.
color String Used in some clients to display a special username color.
deleted Boolean This user has been deactivated when the value of this field is true. Otherwise the value is false, or the field may not appear at all.
enterprise_user Object An object containing info related to an Enterprise Grid user. See our Enterprise grid documentation for more detail.
enterprise_user.enterprise_id String A unique ID for the Enterprise Grid organization this user belongs to.
enterprise_user.enterprise_name String A display name for the Enterprise Grid organization.
enterprise_user.id String This user's ID - some Grid users have a kind of dual identity β€” a local, workspace-centric user ID as well as a Grid-wise user ID, called the Enterprise user ID. In most cases these IDs can be used interchangeably, but when it is provided, we strongly recommend using this Enterprise user id over the root level user id field.
enterprise_user.is_admin Boolean Indicates whether the user is an Admin of the Enterprise Grid organization.
enterprise_user.is_owner Boolean Indicates whether the user is an Owner of the Enterprise Grid organization.
enterprise_user.teams String[] An array of workspace IDs that are in the Enterprise Grid organization.
has_2fa Boolean Describes whether two-factor authentication is enabled for this user. Only visible if the user executing the call is an admin.
id String Identifier for this workspace user. It is unique to the workspace containing the user. Use this field together with team_id as a unique key when storing related data or when specifying the user in API requests. We recommend considering the format of the string to be an opaque value, and not to rely on a particular structure.
is_admin Boolean Indicates whether the user is an Admin of the current workspace.
is_app_user Boolean Indicates whether the user is an authorized user of the calling app.
is_bot Boolean Indicates whether the user is actually a bot user. Bleep bloop. Note that Slackbot is special, so is_bot will be false for it.
is_invited_user Boolean Only present (and always true) when a user has been invited but has not yet signed in. Once the user signs in, this field is no longer present.
is_owner Boolean Indicates whether the user is an Owner of the current workspace.
is_primary_owner Boolean Indicates whether the user is the Primary Owner of the current workspace.
is_restricted Boolean Indicates whether or not the user is a guest user. Use in combination with the is_ultra_restricted field to check if the user is a single-channel guest user.
is_stranger Boolean If true, this user belongs to a different workspace than the one associated with your app's token, and isn't in any shared channels visible to your app. If false (or this field is not present), the user is either from the same workspace as associated with your app's token, or they are from a different workspace, but are in a shared channel that your app has access to. Read our shared channels docs for more detail.
is_ultra_restricted Boolean Indicates whether or not the user is a single-channel guest.
locale String Contains a IETF language code that represents this user's chosen display language for Slack clients. Useful for localizing your apps.
name String Don't use this. It once indicated the preferred username for a user, but that behavior has fundamentally changed since.
profile Object The profile object contains the default fields of a user's workspace profile. A user's custom profile fields may be discovered using users.profile.get.
two_factor_type Enum (String) Indicates the type of two-factor authentication in use. Only present if has_2fa is true. The value will be either app or sms.
tz String A human-readable string for the geographic timezone-related region this user has specified in their account.
tz_label String Describes the commonly used name of the tz timezone.
tz_offset Integer Indicates the number of seconds to offset UTC time by for this user's tz. Changes silently if changed due to daylight savings.
updated String A Unix timestamp indicating when the user object was last updated.

Profile fields

The following fields are the default fields of a user's workspace profile. A user may have additional custom fields, though! Use users.profile.get to view all the user's profile fields.

Field Type Description
avatar_hash String
display_name String The display name the user has chosen to identify themselves by in their workspace profile. Do not use this field as a unique identifier for a user, as it may change at any time. Instead, use id and team_id in concert.
display_name_normalized String The display_name field, but with any non-Latin characters filtered out.
email String A valid email address. It cannot have spaces, and it must have an @ and a domain. It cannot be in use by another member of the same team. Changing a user's email address will send an email to both the old and new addresses, and also post a slackbot to the user informing them of the change. This field can only be changed by admins for users on paid teams.
fields Object All the custom profile fields for the user.
first_name String The user's first name. The name slackbot cannot be used. Updating first_name will update the first name within real_name.
image_* String These various fields will contain https URLs that point to square ratio, web-viewable images (GIFs, JPEGs, or PNGs) that represent different sizes of a user's profile picture.
last_name String The user's last name. The name slackbot cannot be used. Updating last_name will update the second name within real_name.
phone String The user's phone number, in any format.
pronouns String The pronouns the user prefers to be addressed by.
real_name String The user's first and last name. Updating this field will update first_name and last_name. If only one name is provided, the value of last_name will be cleared.
real_name_normalized String The real_name field, but with any non-Latin characters filtered out.
skype String A shadow from a bygone era. It will always be an empty string and cannot be set otherwise.
start_date String The date the person joined the organization. Only available if Slack Atlas is enabled.
status_emoji String The displayed emoji that is enabled for the Slack team, such as :train:.
status_expiration Integer the Unix timestamp of when the status will expire. Providing 0 or omitting this field results in a custom status that will not expire.
status_text String The displayed text of up to 100 characters. We strongly encourage brevity.
team String The ID of the team the user is on.
title String The user's title.

Accessing email addresses
The users:read.email OAuth scope is now required to access the email field in user objects returned by the users.list and users.info web API methods. users:read is no longer a sufficient scope for this data field. Learn more.